Most Important Points of Basic Biology For Exams

  1. Introduction biology

  2. Biology – Relevance to mankind

  3. What is living world

  4. Systematics

  5. Viruses, Viroids, and Prions

  6. Kingdom Monera (The Prokaryotes)

  7. Kingdom Protista (Unicellular Eukaryotes)

  8. Kingdom Fung – Multicellular Decomposers

  9. Kingdom Plantae or Metaphyta

  10. Kingdom Animalia or Metazoa (Multicellular Consumers )

  11. Important terms and Classification of Animals

  12. Coelenterata and Ctenophora (or Cnidaria and Acnidaria)

  13. Platyhelminthes or Nemathelminthes

  14. Phylum Annelida

  15. Phylum Arthropoda (The Animals with jointed Legs and Appendages)

  16. Mollusca

  17. Echinodermata – Spiny Skinned Animals

  18. Chordata – Protochordata

  19. Vertebrata – Agantha and Pisces

  20. Amphibia – Vertebrates with Dual Life

  21. Reptilia – Creeping Vertebrates

  22. Aves – The Birds

  23. Mammalia

  24. Tools and Techniques

  25. The Cell: The Basic Unit of Life

  26. Structure of the Cell

  27. Molecules of the Cell

  28. Cell Cycle (Cell Division)

  29. Diversity in Angiosperm Morphology

  30. Root

  31. Stem

  32. Leaf

  33. Inflorescence

  34. Flower

  35. Fruit

  36. Seeds

  37. Fruit and Seed Dispersal

  38. Families of Flowering Plants

  39. Meristems

  40. Permanent Tissues

  41. Anatomy of Plant parts

  42. Plant Water Relations

  43. Mineral Nutrition

  44. Photosynthesis

  45. Respiration

  46. Tissues

  47. Animal types

  48. Mammalian Organs

  49. Digestive System

  50. Respiratory System

  51. Body Fluids and Circulation

  52. Excretory System

  53. Movement and Locomotion

  54. Nervous Coordination and Integration

  55. Sense Organs

  56. Chemical Coordination

  57. Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  58. Plant Growth and Movements

  59. Reproduction and Development in Humans

  60. Growth Repair, Regeneration and Ageing

  61. Genetic Basis of Inheritance

  62. Chromosomal basis of Inheritance

  63. Nature of gene: Its Expression and Regulation

  64. Origin of Life

  65. Evidence of Evolution

  66. Organism and the Environment

  67. Population, Biotic Community and Succession

  68. Ecosystem: Structure and Function

  69. Natural Resources and their Conservation

  70. Biodiversity

  71. Pollution and Global Environment Change

  72. Animal Husbandry

  73. Human Health and Disease

  74. Adolescence and Drug/Alcohol Abuse

  75. Plants Breeding and Disease Control

  76. Bioenergy

  77. Microbes in Biotechnology

  78. Recombinant DNA technology and its Application