Important Branches of Biology
This is a collection of important branches of biology asked in various exams.
Acarology – The study of ticks and mites.
Agrostology – Study of grasses.
Anthology (Bessey) – Study of flowers and flowering plants.
Anthropology – Study of related to origin, development, and culture of the present and past races of humans.
Apiculture – Rearing of bees.
Aquaculture – Rearing and management of aquatic animals.
Arthrology – Study of joints.
Biochemistry – Science connected with chemistry of living matter
Biomedical Engineering – Designing and production of equipment for overcoming various defects.
Biometrics (Biometry = Biostatistics) – Statistical study of biological prolems.
Biotechnology – Technology connected with employing living beings or their products in industrial processes.
Bonsai – The art and hobby of growing dwarf forms of trees and shrubs in pots.
Cardiology – The study of heart.
Cell Biology – Study of cell in all their aspects.
Chirology – Communication system for deaf and mute by sign language.
Chorology – Biogeography.
Conchology – Study of shells.
Cryobiology – Biology of the organism, tissues, embryos, etc. cooled to low temperature.
Cteology – Branch of biology connected with acquired characters.
Demography – Study of populations.
Dendrochronology – Counting and analyzing annual growth rings of trees.
Dendrology (=Xylology) – Study of trees and shrubs.
Dermatology – Study of skin and other body coverings.
Dysteleology – Study of the appearance of vestigial organs due to evolution.
Ecology – Inter-relation between organisms and environment.
Economic Botany/Economic Zoology – Branch dealing with commercially exploited/exploitable plants/animals.
Edaphology/Paedology/pedology – Soil science.
Embryology – Study of gametogenesis, fertilization and development of the zygote into the embryo or miniature offspring.
Epidemiology – Study of distribution, causes and control measures of infectious diseases.
Ethnobotany – Relationships between primitive humans and plants.
Ethnology – Science dealing with different races of mankind.
Etiology – Study of the life cycle of the pathogen, especially on host and cause of disease.
Eugenics – Improvement of body functions and development through genetic engineering, medical and other means.
Euphenics – Improvement of body functions and development through genetic engineering, medical and other means.
Euthenics – Science dealing with improving conditions connected with humans.
Exobiology – Search of life in outer space.
Floriculture – Cultivation of plants for their flowers.
Genealogy – Study of the genetic composition of the population in relation to habitat or environment.
Genetic Engineering – Manipulation genes for developing a desired genetic constitution.
Genetics – Science of heredity and variations.
Gerontology – Study of aging and senescence.
Gnotobiotics – Germ-free culture/life.
Helminthology – Study of parasitic worms.
Herpetology – Study of reptiles and amphibians/creeping animals.
Histology – Study of tissues.
Ichthyology – Study of fishes.
Karyology – Study of cell nucleus and chromosomes.
Karyotaxonomy – Taxonomy based on peculiarities of the nucleus, chromosome number, and type.
Kinesiology – Science dealing with inter-relationship of anatomy and physiology with respect to movements.
Lepidopterology – Study of moths and butterflies.
Malacology – Study of mollusks
Mastology – Study of breasts including teats.
Microbiology – Study of microorganisms or organisms less than 0.1mm.
Molecular Biology – Study of synthesis and interactions of biomolecules in relation to various life processes.
Morphology – Study of form and structure.
Mycology – Study of fungi.
Myology (Sarcology) – Study of muscles.
Myrmecology – Study of ants.
Neonatology – Scientific study of a new born.
Nephrology – Study of kidneys
Nidology – Study of nests of birds.
Obstetrics – Midwifery or science connected with the care of pregnant woman before, during and after childbirth.
Occupational Therapy – Treating mental and physical defects with the occupation.
Olericulture – Cultivation of vegetables.
Oncology – Study of cancers and tumors.
Oology – Study of eggs, particularly those of birds.
Ornithology – The study of birds.
Otorhinolaryngology – Study of ENT or ear, Nose and throat.
Palaeobotany – Study of fossil plants and their impressions.
Palynology – Study of pollen grains and other spores.
Parasitology – Study of parasites.
Phenology – Recording, and study of periodic.
Photobiology – Effect of light on various biological processes.
Phycology – Study of algae.
Physiology – Study of body functions.
Phytogeny – Evolution, and development of plants.
Phytogeography – Study of the geographical distribution of plants.
Pisciculture – Rearing, catching, and management of fishes.
Pomology – Science dealing with fruits and fruit yielding plants.
Protozoology – Study of protozoans and related organisms.
Saurology – Study of lizards.
Sericulture – Rearing silkworms for extraction of silk.
Serology – Study of serum; interaction of antigens and antibodies in the blood.
Silviculture – Cultivation of forest trees.
Sitology – Science of food, diet, and nutrition (Dietetics).
Sonography – Ultrasound imaging.
Spelaeology – Study of caves and cave life.
Splanchnology – Study of body viscera.
Syndesmology – Branch of anatomy dealing with ligaments and articulations.
Taxidermatology – Processing of skins and stuffing.
Taxonomy – Study of classification, Nomenclature, and identification of organisms.
Tectology – Study of structural organization of animals.
Teratology – Study of abnormalities during embryogenesis.
Traumatology – Study of wounds.
Tricology – Study of hairs.
Trophology – Science of nutrition.
Urobiology – Science of preservation of dead in liquid chemicals.
More Useful Information
Claustrophobia – Fear of enclosure.
Pathophobia – Morbid dread of diseases.