Most Important Points of Advanced Biology For Exams

  1. Molecules and their interaction relevant to biology – Important Points

  2. Membrane structure and function – Important Points

  3. Structural organization and function of intracellular organelles – Important Points

  4. Organization of genes and chromosomes – Important Points

  5. Cell division and cell cycle – Important Points

  6. Microbial Physiology – Important Points

  7. DNA replication, repair, and recombination – Important Points

  8. RNA synthesis and processing – Important Points

  9. Protein synthesis and processing – Important Points

  10. Control of gene expression at transcription and translation level – Important Points

  11. Host-parasite interaction – Important Points

  12. Cell signaling – Important Points

  13. Cellular communication – Important Points

  14. Cancer

  15. Innate and adaptive immune system – Important Points

  16. Basic concepts of development – Important Points

  17. Gametogenesis, fertilization, and early development – Important Points

  18. Morphogenesis and organogenesis in animals – Important Points

  19. Morphogenesis and organogenesis in plants – Important Points

  20. Programmed cell death, aging, and senescence – Important Points

  21. Photosynthesis – Important Points

  22. Respiration and photorespiration – Important Points

  23. Nitrogen metabolism – Important Points

  24. Plant hormones – Important Points

  25. Sensory photobiology – Important Points

  26. Solute transport and photoassimilate translocation – Important Points

  27. Secondary metabolites – Important Points

  28. Stress physiology – Important Points

  29. Blood and circulation – Important Points

  30. Cardiovascular System – Important Points

  31. Respiratory system – Important Points

  32. Nervous system – Important Points

  33. Sense organs – Important Points

  34. Excretory system – Important Points

  35. Thermoregulation – Important Points

  36. Stress and adaptation – Important Points

  37. Digestive system – Important Points

  38. Endocrinology and reproduction – Important Points

  39. Mendelian principles – Important Points

  40. Concept of gene – Important Points

  41. Extensions of Mendelian principles – Important Points

  42. Gene mapping methods – Important Points

  43. Extra chromosomal inheritance – Important Points

  44. Microbial genetics – Important Points

  45. Human genetics – Important Points

  46. Quantitative genetics – Important Points

  47. Mutation – Important Points

  48. Structural and numerical alterations of chromosomes – Important Points

  49. Recombination – Important Points

  50. Principles & methods of taxonomy – Important Points

  51. Levels of structural organization – Important Points

  52. Outline classification of plants, animals & microorganisms – Important Points

  53. Natural history of Indian subcontinent – Important Points

  54. Organisms of health & agricultural importance – Important Points

  55. Organisms of conservation concern – Important Points

  56. The Environment – Important Points

  57. Habitat and Niche – Important Points

  58. Population Ecology – Important Points

  59. Species Interactions – Important Points

  60. Community Ecology – Important Points

  61. Ecological Succession – Important Points

  62. Ecosystem Ecology – Important Points

  63. Biogeography – Important Points

  64. Applied Ecology – Important Points

  65. Conservation Biology – Important Points

  66. Emergence of evolutionary thoughts – Important Points

  67. Origin of cells and unicellular evolution – Important Points

  68. Paleontology and Evolutionary History – Important Points

  69. Molecular Evolution – Important Points

  70. The Mechanisms – Important Points

  71. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution – Important Points

  72. Applied Biology – Important Points

  73. Molecular Biology and Recombinant DNA methods – Important Points

  74. Histochemical and Immunotechniques – Important Points

  75. Biophysical Method – Important Points

  76. Statistical Methods – Important Points

  77. Radiolabeling techniques – Important Points

  78. Microscopic techniques – Important Points

  79. Electrophysiological methods – Important Points

  80. Methods in field biology – Important Points