Most Important Points of Advanced Biology For Exams

  1. Molecules and their interaction relevant to biology

  2. Membrane structure and function

  3. Structural organization and function of intracellular organelles

  4. Organization of genes and chromosomes

  5. Cell division and cell cycle

  6. Microbial Physiology

  7. DNA replication, repair, and recombination

  8. RNA synthesis and processing

  9. RNA synthesis and processing

  10. Protein synthesis and processing

  11. Control of gene expression at transcription and translation level

  12. Host parasite interaction

  13. Cell signaling

  14. Cellular communication

  15. Cancer

  16. Innate and adaptive immune system

  17. Basic concepts of development

  18. Gametogenesis, fertilization, and early development

  19. Morphogenesis and organogenesis in animals

  20. Morphogenesis and organogenesis in plants

  21. Programmed cell death, aging, and senescence

  22. Photosynthesis

  23. Respiration and photorespiration

  24. Nitrogen metabolism

  25. Plant hormones

  26. Sensory photobiology

  27. Solute transport and photoassimilate translocation

  28. Secondary metabolites

  29. Stress physiology

  30. Blood and circulation

  31. Cardiovascular System

  32. Respiratory system

  33. Nervous system

  34. Sense organs

  35. Excretory system

  36. Thermoregulation

  37. Stress and adaptation

  38. Digestive system

  39. Endocrinology and reproduction

  40. Mendelian principles

  41. Concept of gene

  42. Extensions of Mendelian principles

  43. Gene mapping methods

  44. Extra chromosomal inheritance

  45. Microbial genetics

  46. Human genetics

  47. Quantitative genetics

  48. Mutation

  49. Structural and numerical alterations of chromosomes

  50. Recombination

  51. Principles & methods of taxonomy

  52. Levels of structural organization

  53. Outline classification of plants, animals & microorganisms

  54. Natural history of Indian subcontinent

  55. Organisms of health & agricultural importance

  56. Organisms of conservation concern

  57. The Environment

  58. Habitat and Niche

  59. Population Ecology

  60. Species Interactions

  61. Community Ecology

  62. Ecological Succession

  63. Ecosystem Ecology

  64. Biogeography

  65. Applied Ecology

  66. Conservation Biology

  67. Emergence of evolutionary thoughts

  68. Origin of cells and unicellular evolution

  69. Paleontology and Evolutionary History

  70. Molecular Evolution

  71. The Mechanisms

  72. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution

  73. Applied Biology

  74. Molecular Biology and Recombinant DNA methods

  75. Histochemical and Immunotechniques

  76. Biophysical Method

  77. Statistical Methods

  78. Radiolabeling techniques

  79. Microscopic techniques

  80. Electrophysiological methods

  81. Methods in field biology