Advanced Biology - CSIR Notes

List of Important Human Diseases

List of huaman diseases

Cancers Cancers of eye, brain, and central nervous system Retinoblastoma  Glioma  Neuroblastoma Schwannoma Meningioma Medulloblastoma Cancers of the digestive system Esophageal cancer Gastric cancer Carcinoid Colorectal cancer Cancer of the anal canal Hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatic angiosarcoma Gallbladder cancer Cholangiocarcinoma Pancreatic cancer Gastrotintestinal stromal tumor Cancers of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) B […]

Most Important Websites For Biological Research

Most Important Websites For Biological Research

Biological Databases – Important websites National Center for Biotechnology Information – NCBI European Molecular Biology Laboratory – EMBL The European Bioinformatics Institute – EMBL-EBI ExPASy: SIB Bioinformatics Resource Portal DNA Data Bank of Japan – DDBJ Reactome Pathway Database RCSB Protein Data Bank – RCSB PDB Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man – OMIM ExPASy – PROSITE Simple Modular Architecture […]

Composition, Structure, and Function of Carbohydrates

Composition, Structure, and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates include both sugars and polymers of sugars. Carbohydrates can be : Monosaccharides Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Examples: Monosaccharides – Glucose , Fructose, Galactose. Oligosaccharide – sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Polysaccharides – cellulose and chitin Monosaccharide They are simplest carbohydrates, by polymerization, they form complex carbohydrates. They can be : Aldose Ketose Monosaccharides have asymmetric carbon centers except for Dihydroxyacetone. […]

Composition, Structure, And Function Of Biomolecules

Composition, Structure, And Function Of Biomolecules

Biomolecules The molecules found in the organisms are called biomolecules and they obey the same laws of physics and chemistry. Biomolecules have curious optical activity. They rotate the plane of polarisation of independent light. Organic molecules produced abiologically lack this property. Products of biological origin prefer the odd number of C atom per molecule. The cellular pool […]